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ҹѺûѴѧҹ

Ѫ ѳø칡
: ûԷҾѧҹ Ѻ 53

ûѴѧҹ㹻ѨغѹաáǶ֧ҧҡ դҡѺѧ ͧҡѧҹҧѴջԷҾ ǹ˹觢ͧ˵ط٭§ҳͧȪҵ ҡ ѧҹѨغѹǡҡѧǹ˹觼Եҡ 觻ȢͧöԵҡ§ ѰеͧԹӹǹҡš¹ѺѾҡøҵԹ 㹡üԵ俿Ѻǡ ҧǡ龺繡ѹ㹻Ѩغѹաóç ѴŴѧҹء ֧Ҩǹҡ 觷ҡش͡û١ѧԵӹ֡㹡ûѴ ѧҹҹ ҧҷءդ֡ѺªѺ Фͺ ö¨¨ҡ俿ͷѾҡ 㹤ͺŴŧ §繵ͧء ͺǡöŴѾҡâͧ駧ҳ 繨ӹǹ ÷պӹǹҡ ͡ҡǶ֧ԸաûѴѧҹ㹺ҹ 觷繴ҧ Шǹ˹㹡ҧԵӹ֡㹡ûѴҧ ׹ ç÷ʹջԷԼšûѴѧҹ ѺôԹҧ֧ͧ§óç ҧǤ駪Ǥҹ ҧա§áзӵ¹ҴûԺѵҧ ͧͧ ͧҡǹ˹觤Դҵͧ¼Żªѡ ùѡ
ҡ֡ҼŧҹͧѡԨ Ҩ ҹԸաҡ㹡ûѴѧҹػ͡ҧ ͤ㨵·ҹʹ 褧ŧ´ҡѡ 繼Ԩ·ҧҹѧҹµç ¤㨨ҡ֡лʺó硹· ѺҺ͡ ѹҹ պҧ繻ªйʹҡ㹡ù Ҷ֧´ҡҨзʹ㨷վ鹰ҹ ҧҹûѴѧҹ ö任ء ֧աö·ʹԸշµͤ㨤Ǻѹ仴

ǷҧûѴѧҹ㹺ҹͧ͡ 3 óСóյҧբͨӡѴҡµҧѹ
1. Ѻҹ͡Ẻѧҧ
èлѴѧҹöҡشöӷءԸ һء㹡ҧҹѴѧҹ ͨӡѴӤѭͧҳ㹡áҧҡ§ öʴطջԷҾ٧㹡ûѴѧҹ ǷҧûѴѧҹͧ鹵鹵͹㹡͡ 㹡óչդ繵ͧ֡ҡѺǪҭʶһԡ öӻ֡ ջԷҾѺĵԡѧҹҧѴ ͧ㹺ҹ鹴

2. ѺҹҧդͧѺا
ûѺاҹ㹡óչҤöѺاǹ ͧ͡ҤǹзѺçҧͧҤз ·ش駨繵ͧ¾ĵԡͧҪ ѺûѺا¹ŧǹҧ ͧҹ

3. ѺҹͧŴѧҹ
ûѴѧҹ㹡óչ餧здѺ˹ҹ 繡駺ҳӷش㹡÷ûѴ ҹ㹺ҹ Ըաù餧Ѻҹǹ˭ͧèлѴѧҹ Фա¹ŧҹҧҹ¤ 駹ѡ Ŵѧҹ㹺ҹҡԸն֧Ҩջ ԷҾ٧ºѺҹա͡ẺաûѴѧ ҹá
÷ǷҧûѴѧҹ͡ѴਹҨ繻 ªͼʹͷҺ֧Ըա÷й ԧ ¤ԧҡҵͧûѴѧҹ 礧öغҹҧҹѧѹ 觷ӤѭشͤҡöѴѧ ҹѺͧ§ҳԹ繡礧 繻ªѡ㴹ѡ ǡѺûѴѧҹ㹺ҹ鹡Ҷд ˹᷺ͧ§ҳҡ ҡաáǺѺͧ 㹷ҧѺѹҡҴǡʴطջԷҾ ٧㹡ûѴѧҹöлѴҳ ֧ҨաԹҤعǡ ʴغҧԴҨءҹ ͺҧʴع鹡ջԷҾŧ ѹͧҨҡ觷ҴԴҡ͹ ǹûѴѧҹѺҹѧ դ繷ͧ觾¾ĵԡ㹡ûѴѧҹ ҡ繾ɤǺѺԸաûѴ

͡Ẻҹ յ 觷繵ͧӹ֧֧ ТͨӡѴҧ ѡ
- ª (Function)
- ʴط㹡áҧ (Material)
- ҾǴҡԻ (Environment)
ҹǹ˹觷դӤѭҧ㹡͡ ҵ÷Ǣҧ鹵ҧǹ˹ Ҥӹ֧֧ҧзѺ 㹺ҹ ҹöǹ˹觢ͧҧз 駷öͧѹ ͧ駵˹觷 Ҵ Ҿͧ ʹ§ٻ ǹзöͧ繹 з ԷԾŵ;ǡҧҡ Тͧҧ֡ʺ ö˹ͺ͡ سس˹ (Temperature) ҹ ѧդѷ (Relative Humidity) (Velocity) ǹѹ㹡ҧйʺ (Comfort Zone) Դ öѧࡵҡ ͹ Ҩ͹ҳ͹㹻Ѩغѹѡ ҧѴਹ Ҩ֡ʺ¶֧سͺҾǴ㹢 й鹨йʺ¡
ѡɳТͧԸաҧйʺ (Comfort Zone) 2 ¡ѹ
Passive Ըա÷öѴѧҹҡкҵ ͧҧйʺ ҧǢͧҤâҧѺȷҧͧ Ҥ ;Ҥ͹͡ Ǻȷҧ ѧҷç٧ŴسԢͧͧҧҡó ¹ẺҵͤǺŢͧ ѡɳԸաҧйʺẺ繵ͧԸմ ѡúóҡ (Integration) ͻԷҾ٧ش
Active Ըա÷йʺ·ǴǷش 㹻Ѩغѹҧ кûѺҡ (Air condition system) кҧͻѺҾ㹺dzҵͧ ԴйʺԴ Ըա÷ͧѧҹ٧ Фǹ˭ѧöҧջԷҾҡԹ

Ѩ㹡ҧйʺСûѴѧҹѺҹ
ҧ˹зȷҧͧҹ (Orientation) 繻Ѩ·ǹǢͧѺ öҧҤ͢ҧѺȷҧͧ س٧͡ҡǺҹ ·йҧҤѹ价ҧ˹- ѺĴ١Ŵѧѹ价ҧȵ ͡-ȵѹѺʧҷԵ µç (Direct Sun) ҡԹ ҧҤ㹵˹觷Ѻ觹 ͹ ˭ öŴسԢͧ͹dzҹ 㹡ûͧѹ͹ *(1)
ûѺҾǴͧҹҨդѹµçѺҧ ˹Ҥ ҡҧ˹ҤҧҨ§ ûѺҾǴöзӤǺԷҾ ûѴѧҹ ö١ ͢ش͹ͻѺҾǴԴ蹡 *(1)* (2) *(3)
ٻẺѡɳҤ 繷ʹ㨷ѡɳ͹·͹ ʹ§ͪҹҹԸշ ѴҤ͹͡ҧ ¡ع٧繡ҧ鹷·ջԷҾ ѺҾҡȢͧҧ öѴҤ͹͡ö繨ҡ鹴Թա öͧѹӷҧ ͡ẺҹѡɳзöѴҹǹ ҧ ͧҹöŴͧѺҡҡ *(1)
͡ẺҧСҧѧҤ ҧѧС͡ẺҧͧҹԸա˹觷 ҡ öӾĵԡͧҧ 繵ǡ˹˹觷 ԸաùҨöŴѧҹ㹡ûѺҡͧ ҧ
- öͧͪͧѹǹзФ͹ҧҹ ȵѹдҹͻͧѹ͹ҹ ͧҡ ͧ ǹդ٧㹡ͧ ҹҡ Ф繷ͧûѺҡȹ ǡѹöͧ红ͧͧ 㹹ҹҹҡǹзФ͹ǡ ա§ҧ˹ͧͧáûѺҡͧ ͺʹ˹Ѻ͹µç *(1)
- ྴҹ٧Ѻҧйʺ Ẻ Passive ҡȷ͹й˹ѡҡ µ٧鹷 ҡ繷չ˹ѡҡµŧ 㹷ҧѺѹҡͧ ҧйʺẺ Active 鹡÷ӽྴҹӨзС÷ӧҹͧͧѺҡ ŴŧöǺسԢͧͧҧ ֧͡ѡɳзҧ *(1) *(2)
ѧ ѡӤѭ͡Ẻѧ෤͹㹺ҹ ·شʴطջԷҾзس㹺 ҹͧ٧ 繵ͧػó俿㹡ûѺŴسҡ ͧҨҡ͹ö (Heat transfer) 㹼Ҥҡ ʴطջԷҾ٧ 㹡ûѴѧҹҨз駺ҳ㹡áҧ٧ ҡ֧͡ѺѧҹŴ¨ кҧóҨͧԹ
- 鼹ѧա͡Ẻ驹ǹѹ͹ҧջԷҾѺ ѧҹȵѹз 繴ҹѹʧѺ͹ҡҷԵµç (Direct sun) *(1) *(2)
-鼹ѧ͢鹨ҡ͹յ᷹ѧ ͧҡդسѵ㹡áѹ͹дѺ˹ ººѺ͹յ͡ ԰ͭҤ٧ҡöҧ ǡչ˹ѡ͹ҧ *(1) *(2)
- ͡鼹ѧ͹¹͡͡з͹ʧ Ŵôٴ׹͹ͧѧա 鼹ѧ͹ЪͧҧöŴʧ ҡ俿 öʧҵҧջԷҾ *(1) *(2)
-͡سѵԢͧʴѺҹ 鼹ѧ͹յդ˹ҡҡѺͧ੾ ǧҡҧѹ Ъǧҡҧѹ㹨 ͧҡǼѧҡö˹ǧҡ觼ҹ͹ ѧաͺʹ駤׹Ҥ¤ ͡ҡҧѹ ǹѧҡ鹤͹ж١᷹鼹ѧդ ͹ҡͧ͹ 㹡ҹ㹪ǧǤӶ֧ҧ׹ öŴʴҤᾧҧ *(1)
- 鼹ѧͧ鹷ժͧҡ㹡ö»ͧѹ ͹觼ҹ㹺ҹҡ ҡա͡Ẻաк¤͹͡ҡͧҡȷç ҧöԷҾҡ
ͧʧ ǹ˹觷繵ͧӹ֧֧ҧ ͧҡ͹öҹҤҡ੾ ҧǹ繡Ш й鹡͡Шդسѵԡз͹͹٧Ъ öŴ͹㹵Ҥҡ 㹷ҧѺѹͧʧöʧҵҡ Ŵʧҡ俿Ҵ
-ҡէҳ٧öШͧ (Double Glazing) ժͧҧҡͻͧѹ͹ѡɳ੾ТͧШ աͺúҧҧ㹡з͹͹ 駺èءҫҧԴŴԴ㹡ШԴ öʧҹ㹻ҳ٧ *(1) *(2)
-Шз͹ʧФ͹ (Reflective glass) ШդسѵԵӡҡШͧ (Double Glazing) öŴ駻ҳ͹ʧҧҤ 㹢ǡѹ繡Шö纡ѡ͹ա ͧ˹ҡ *(1) *(2)
-ҡէҳҡШԴҤҵӡ ͡Ш ժ öҡҡШ *(1) *(2)
ͧҡ Ǻҹ Դкҡ㹺ҹöŴûѺҡ ҡ
-ͧԴ Ǻҹ СЪͧԴЪ͹ 㹺ҹŴŧ *(1) *(2)
-ЪͧԴҹ öҹͧҡѡ Դ˹ҵҧҧѹҡش㹡ԷҾ кҡ (Single ventilation) *(1) *(2) *(3)
-ЪͧԴ輹ѧçѹբҴҡѹ ˹ǡѹ鹨зԴкҡշش (Cross ventilation) *(1) *(2) *(3)
-ЪͧԴҧҢͧҧ͡٧ зԴʺ 繡ҧиҵ ҡԴš¹ҡȡѹ ҡҡ͹͡仨ҡͧ *(1) *(2)
-ЪͧԴдѺ٧ͧҧ з鹷ǹҧͧͧѺ öкҡͧҡùѡ
- ͧԴշҧͧ͡ҡ˭ҷҧҨЪԴ çҹ 㹷ҧѺѹҷҧ˭ҡͧе *(1) *(2)
-ѹҴЪ¤ (Shading devices) ѹҴЪŴ§鼹ѧѺʧᴴµçҡǧ ҷԵ Shading devices 繡Ŵ͹Ҥµç Shading devices ջԷҾ٧ҡ㹡ûͧѹ͹öŴ ѧҹ 㹺ҹҡ ѡɳТͧ Shading devices ѹҴЪ¤ҷҡѺͧԴ駼ѧͧҤô Shading devices ҧԴ١͡Ẻػó㹡ûͧѹ͹µç
-Shading devices ǵ (Vertical shading devices) ջԷҾ㹡ûͧѹѧҹѺʧµçҹ ҹ ѧҹõԴ Shading devices Դ ҹȵѹ͡зȵѹ *(1) *(2)
-Shading devices ǹ͹ (Horizontal shading devices) ջԷҾ㹡ûͧѹѧҹѺʧ٧ ʧ㹪ǧҡҧѹ ʹҹѺʧµç Shading devices Դ öʧз͹ҡҾǴҡ ѧҹõԴ Shading devices Դʹҹ˹з Shading devices
-Shading devices ẺҧShading devices ҤسѵԢͧ Shading devices ǹ͹ ǵ¡ѹѺҴФ *(1) *(2)
ѧ 觷ԷԾҡͧҡǹʡѺ͹ ҡʧҷԵҡش ѡɳѧҺҹ͹¹ѡɳТͧѧҷѺ Ҿҡҡ դҴѹҡк½Ǵ 駤͹µǢ٧ й鹡÷ѧդҴѹ٧ҡ͹㹨 Ƿش٧شҡͧҹҧ§ҡ ȷسԵӡ
- ѧҷͧ鹫͹Ѻѹѧǹ͹ҧ Ҵ (ѡɳФ¡ǡ) §ͷЪ͹ǢͧѧŴŧ ջԷҾժͧкҡȷdz˹ҨǷͧ ҹ ͹öк͡ *(1) *(2)
-ѺҹմҴǡû١麹Ҵ ǹ˹㹡êŴ͹ʡѺǢͧҴ µç ǡѺ Shading devices ͡ûѺҴԴҴѹҡ§ *(1) *(2)
-з͹͹ (Foil) ǹ繽ྴҹѧʹҴ繡Ŵ ͹㹺ҹ ѹҹѹ͡仴ҹ͡ õԴз͹͹Ѻǹͧѹ͹Ъ ǹͧѹ͹ǹҹҡ ֧з͹͹ջԷҾŴŧѺ 蹺 *(1) *(2)
-Ը㹡ûѴѧҹ㹺ҹҡ öҡҵͧӹ֧֧㹡ù ԴԷҾ٧ش㹧ҳ кҧ駡ʴؤسҾ٧ҨҵͧҨҡ ͧ¤ԹҤ͡ ʴط㹷ͧͼԵ㹻ȡ͹͡ʴطͧҨҡҧ 繡ûѴ駾ѧҹŴâҴŷеͧ Ҩҡҧ 觡öѴҧԧ