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ͧҧ
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ѵҧҹ Ѻͼ٧ͧ 2020
ͼѧ 2 鹴԰ͭҧ
ҹդسѡɳʺ Ѵѧҹ
ͧԺС١
͹յ
ͤþԨó㹡Ŵ§Ѥ㹡͡ẺҤ
ǧ Դ͹
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ͧ
͡
ҤѨ (Intelligent Building)
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͹
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ҧҹ""
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͹
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ʧͧ
¡ǹ¡ǹ駴©ҡҺ
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ͧ͡
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Ĵ˹ǾѴҷҧ˹
شʹ ҹѹ§ ͪͺʹԹó
оҹǹͧҹ

ͧԹùѺ͹
ҹ..flinstoneҹ..flinstone
ҹͧ
ѡ͡Ẻͧ
ͧ Ѵҧҧ
ҧѧͧǤäӹ֧֧㴺ҧ
ͧ˹ⴹ㨤س
ѡ͡ʴػپ Ѻͧ
ЪԴͧѹҴ
ԹҡǴ¡Ѻͧ
ͧ͡ҡѺͧ
ѭҤ÷ش㹡.
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Ӻҹ餹٧λ
ҧѧҹѺźᴴ
¡ǹ¡ǹ駴©ҡҺ
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ͧǹǷդʹ٧
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ҧҹͧا
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ҹҭ
Smart Home... ෤ſ줹
ͧ͹...§ʹԷ
Դ ǧ ҹѭҡ ԭ
ҹʺ...
ѺҹªŴš͹
"ҹ¹"ҧ͡...˹չҷ
ҵðҹͧͤԡ
çúҹʺ»Ѵѧҹ
ʹͧ
ͧѺ ..˹Һҹѧҹ..?
ͧǡѺ¹
͡Ẻͧ ҧ
ͺҹ ҹ...ᤪ
ҪѧѪŷ
ǹѴѧҹ 3 Ẻ
ҹ
ҹ Hybrid House Ѵѧҹ
˹ѧҷԵ ѴѧҹẺҹ Setback
ѴѧҹẺ Tropical
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ҧҹͧا
Ѻ..ҹ-ʺ
Ф֡ͧ...
͡պҹ...
13 () Ѻͧ
͡Ẻҹҧ...դآ
Ѵ "ҹ" "͹"
Ҵͧ
Ǻҹҹ
" ҤҤ ¹ŧ٧ҧ "
ҹçҺ : Contemporary Lake House
Ẻҹ鹤ҡŹ
Ѻ..ҹ-ʺ
ҹ ͡Ẻ

        ͹յ

Ǵ : ͡Ẻҹ    
ӹǹҹ 9437    

͹յ
ҡ : ˹ѧ¸ 2538 .. ͡Է ó ŧóԷ

ؤšѲáҧѲҡҡ·ǡâͧҨ·ǡâͧҨǹҤ赹ͧաԷҡѲҡҧǴҡҡçѡѹ¡ҧäҢͧWTO(World Trade Organization)觾мѡѹûСͺԪҪվǡ繡äҺԡҧ˹ٻͧISO9000ǡѺäǺسҾ¡úлСѹسҾͧҹԡ觡áҧЧҹǡ֡Ҷǹ˹觢ͧ觢ѹѮѡâͧ˭ԹͻȷѲ仡͹Сմѹ͡ʡ

͹յʴءҧѹҴǹҹ»¤ѡФԴդ繷еͧѲաѵشԺԹٹйѹ繤͹յѧ28ѹ㹾ԡѴҾ§Ҿ繨ԧҹ͹յ෤բͧ͹յشѺѲҡä׺˹ҧҡ㹪ǧ20ѧ͹յѧ٧,͹յ,͹յö٧,͹յʹФ͹յͧҹ繵

Т;ԨóҶ֧͹յ鹡ʡêԧᴧԧ㹸áԨáҧѡҾͧԭԺ⵷ҧɰԨͧš٧شҧͧ㹻ҹừԿԤ觵ѹ੾ҧ觤 ȡ¹ (Assean)Ǥͨеͧ觢ѹѹҧáԨ㹷ԧҳ,ԧɰԨԧ෤Ԥ͹յ֧ͧԨóҶ֧ҳüԵ٧ѵҡüԵ෤շ٧֧öǺѧǺسҾФǺöʹǹáҧѵشԺ,ü,â,,ú֧ҹ觨еͧԨóҧ֡´ͧǹ͹յʹ㹺鹡÷ӧҹ(Workability or Constructivity)鹡ѧ٧(Highstrength)鹤ҹ㹡ҹ(Durability)鹡áҧ(Special purposes)蹧ҹ繵

ǹ͹յ (CONSTITUENCES)

繷ҺѹҤ͹յлСͺǹѡ 5 ҧѹйҫѴǹ͹յմ

  • (Cement)
  • Թ(Crush Rock ; Coarse Agg.)
  • (Sand ; Fine Agg.)
  • (Water)
  • ü(Admixture)

ǹͧ觨оԨóҶ֧ŢͧԡêѹҡǹѡͧǫͧC2S,C3S,C3AC4AFѴǹͧеǢͧѡǢͧФǺĵԡҧĵԡҧҾФسѵԧŢͧ͹յҧ֡觾ĵԡҹ觼ŷԧǡŴмԧźŴ㹺ҧǹǡ÷ԧ֧öاŴշشлҹäǺ,Ǻѧ,Ǻ͹,Ǻ÷ֺ,Ǻ,Ǻ˴ǵҧҹ繵 ǹͧԹйǹ˭仵觢ͧѵشԺѧդ繷еͧʴطҵͤѴ㹡üԵ͹㹺ҧͧѵشԺ繵鹵ͧ͢äǺѡҾüԵ͹յسҾͧҧ鹷ҨӤ͹յѧ٧еͧͧդҴ§ͺҧҨӤ͹յʹͧеͧ·㹡ü繵·ͺء鹷ͧöԵ͹յسҾö٧鹨ҡջѭͧ鹷عüԵҧ㹺ҧͧҹǹͧüѧʴٻ 1շ駷ҵ(Mineral Admixture)з(Chemical Admixture)෤ѹŷҧҹԹ (Organic Chemistry)͹Թ(In-Organic Chemistry)öا͹յվĵԡɢöТͧеѧҧ㹻ѨغѹǡѺüҵؤûͫҹ (Pozzalan) (Fiy Ash)ëԡ(Silica - Fume)üռ͡Ŵ (Water Reducing or Plasticizer)ŴҡẺ(Superplasticizer)ͻѺ觡á͵ (Time Setting);ĵԡաҧ

͡Ẻǹ(Mix Design) ͡Ẻǹ͹յ͹͡ẺҹǤ͡͹˹ҹ§ѧѴ28ѹ / غǢͧ͹յäǺѴǹӵͫ (W/C)͡Ẻ͹յ Ҩеͧ鹾ĵԡ 4öѡ

  • ö(Workability Flowability)
  • ѧͧ͹յ(Strength)
  • ҹ (Durability)
  • ҹ (Special Purpose)
ҹ§öҧ˹ҧ੾Тͧ͡ẺǹҨеͧ¡ѵػʧѡлѨѡ㹡þԨó͡͡Ẻǹѧʴ㹵ҧ 1

͹㹡͡Ẻǹ͹յѧ仵鹵͹Ըҡеͧ˹ѡ֧Ѩѡ㹡͡Ẻǹͧ Ѻ(Trial - Error)ͤѧࡵҡʺóͧ¹һѨѡ褧Ӥѭا觤سѵ㹻ѡҡҡ鹷袹ҴТͧش (Optimum Gradation)»ҳѴǹͧӷûѺ觴üʹͧѺѡͧ͡ẺǹǨöǹ͹յͶлСѹسҾҡ

سѵԢͧ͹յ(CONGRETE PROPERTIES)

õǨͺзͺسѵԢͧ͹յѧԸա÷ͺҵðҹǹ˭ҡ ͹ҤѹҨռԴдѴŧǷҧõǨͺͷͺǴͶҡ駹Ҩͧͧͷ¡õǨͧ硷͹ԡҡҧáҡ÷ͺѧԧº§(Refer or Calibrate)ѺͧҵðҹسѵԢͧ͹յǨѴͷͺеͧʹͧѺöС͡ẺüǤ

ٻ 1 ûѺ觤سѵԢͧ͹յü (1)
Concrete Property
Admixture Type
Category of Admixture
Workability
Water reducers
Chemical
Air - entraining agents
Air entraining
Inter mineral powder
Mineral
Pozzolans
Mineral
Polymer latexes
Miscellaneous
Set control
Set accelerators
Chemical
Set retarders
Chemical
Strength
Water reducers
Chemical
Pozzolans
Mineral
Polymer latexes
Miscellaneous
Set retarders
Chemical
Durability
Air - entraning agents
Air entraining
Pozzolans
Mineral
Water reducers
Chemical
Corrosion inhibitors
Miscellaneous
Water - repellant admixtures
Miscellaneous
Spencial concretes
Polymer latexes
Miscellaneous
Slags
Mineral
Expensive admixture
Miscellaneous
Color pigments
Miscellaneous
Gas - froming admixture
Miscellaneous

͹յͤö : ͹յҹͤö鹤سѵԤ͹յѹСͺ¡÷ ͺѡ

  • (Flow Test)
  • á͵(Setting Time)
  • ҳͧҡ(% Air)
͹յѧ٧ :͹յ͡Ẻѧ٧鹤سѵԤ͹յࡳ÷ͺлСѹسҾ÷ͺѡоԨóҨҡ
  • ѧѴ(Compansive Strength)
  • ״(Modulus of Elasticty)
  • ᵡ(Modulus of Rupture)
  • ç֧µç(Direct Tension)
  • ѧѴá(High Early Strength)

͹յͤҹ : еǨͺسѵԷ繤͹յ͹ҹ㹵çҧ ¨ Ԩóҷ駤سѵԧ ФسѵԷҧըҡ ͺ

  • ѧѴ(Compansive Strength)
  • 觼(Abrasion Resistance)
ҧ 1 öТͧ͹յ㹡͡ẺǹлѨѡ
Ǣ
öТͧ͹յ
Ѩѡ
1.
ö
-͹յ -ҴТͧż
-ӧҹҹ -ҳٹ
-سԵ -ѵǹ /
-ѧ٧ -ŴӾ / ٧
-͹յ - / ˹ǧá͵
2.
ѧͧ͹յ
-ѧá(6, 9, 12, 18 ) -ҴТͧ
(1, 3, 7 ѹ) -ҳٹ
-ѧ28ѹ -Ѵǹӵͫ(W / C)
-ᵡ
-ü (Pozzalan)
-ٻҧ / ҴͧҺ
3.
ҹ
-ҴТͧ
-觼 -ҳ / Դ
-ô - ҧ -Ѵǹӵͫ (W / C)
-ѵҷ -ҳͧҧͤ͹յ
-ͤ / ͹ -ŴӾ / ռ
4.
ҹ
-͹յ˴ǹ
-͹յѺдѺͧ -ҵؼ
-͹յ -Ťٻ
-͹յ״
-Shear - Compression ٧ -ӧҹҹ
-ִ˹٧ / ᵡ٧ -ѧá٧
  • ֺ(Water - Permeability)
  • ׺ ˴ (Creep / Shrinkage)
  • (Flow Tests)
  • 繡ô / ҧ(Acidity / Alkality Tests)
  • ѵҷ (Fire Endurance)
  • ÷(͡ - )(Freez - Thew Resistance)
  • (Fatique)
͹յѺҹ: еͧǨͺ駤سѵԤ͹յҾ秵੾оĵ ɷ͡Ẻѵػʧͧҹѧҧ ҹ ͹յеͧդسѵԵҧ ѧ
  • ׺˴ǹ(Non - Shrink / Low shrinkage)
  • աѧá٧(High Early Strength)
  • դ蹴áءش(Flowbility)
  • ҹç çç͹䴴 (Shear / Compression)
  • աִФ͹յ(High Flexural Strength)
  • etc.

ҹ͹յèеͧդسѵѡ

  • µͧ(Self Compacted)
  • ¡(Non - Seggregation)
  • سԵ(Low Thermal)
  • ͵Ǫ(Long Setting)
  • ժǧҷӧҹҹ(Low Slump Loss)
  • etc.

ҹ仨еͧդسѵѡ

  • µͧ(Self Compacted)
  • ¡(Non - Seggregation)
  • ͵Ǫ(Long Setting)
  • ժǧҷӧҹҹ(Low Slump Loss)
  • etc.
͹ѧէҹɵҧաҡ鹾ĵԡö੾СóմѧҧҹҧẺ ͹(Slip Form),ҹ෤͹յẺ (Intrucsion Concreting), ҹ͹յغ (Zero Slump Concrete)觨еͧ͡ẺеǨͺĵԡҧ繷㨵öз֧ͧзӡüԵ

͹յ

繷ҺѹҤ͹յ㹪ǧ 10 ҧ˹ҨͧҴҴѡɳТͧҹҪǧþѲҷҹҨ੾Ҥ觻١ҧͧǹ˭㹡áҧ㹪ǧ仨繧ҹ㹡ԨͧҸóٻçҧ鹰ҹҡʹԹ,˹ҧ,оҹ, ҧǹ,ö俿,çҹ 俿çҹصˡҹ 繵֧ҧҹ͹յ㹪ǧѴ仨5ѡ

  • ҳҡ
  • ö٧
  • ѧ٧
  • ҷҹ
  • Ԩþ
ѧͧüԵеͧ鹷駻ҳѵҡüԵСäǺسҾúǧõʹкǹèҡ觼ԵѵشԺ,âʴ,äǺüԵü,ԡõ١㹡ʹ駡õǨͺسҾͧԵ / ԵѳСԨѹҧǡüѺԴͺ˹ҧҹѺԵ͹յѺ͡Ẻеͧդ㨶֧ਵ¢ͧ͡Ẻ觨еͧʹͧͧѺѺ෤ԤԸաáҧԵ (Production)觼Ŷ֧ûѴçФµҧҷöŴҡشҷ ෤Էҡ÷ӹѧ෤աüԵ͹յеͧͺʹͧͧâͧ ҧ

ͤþԨó㹡͹յǹǡѺ硷ҡԹ駹Ҥ˭Ѻ˹ѡҡ鹵ӴѺ͹յ͡ҡջҳҡѧеͧѧҹ㹡Ẻ·شеͧѴçѧ͹յеͧҡ蹴դͧͧͪ§硹͹յ蹹еͧö٧ǡѺժǧҡ÷ӧҹҹ¡Ҩͧáѧá٧ʶ÷ҧԵѧ28ѹ٧

͹յѧ٧к͹յٻҧ蹾ٻǹçҧٻ㹧ҹоҹͷҧǹЪǹٻͧҤüѧͺҤͼѧѺ˹ѡͧҤ繵͹յѧ٧ѧդ繵çҧҢͧҤ٧çҧԧСͺͧٻóѺ͹յ͹Ҥѹդ繵͡ҹҡ鹵ӴѺ駹㹧ҹçҧҤçҧоҹ

͹յդҹ٧觨ҧҡçҧءԴ¹͡Ǵعçҡ鹵ӴѺô,,ի࿵ҡʡáԴ͹๪ѹա駻ѭҢͧԧغѵ˵صҧ͹յ֧ͧդҹֺͧ,ҹ´,׺˴ǹ,ô - ҧ,࿵,з͡áзӫ㹡áҧҡԨóҶ֧ҹ͡ẺзҴкاѡҹŧШзءҤçҧǹҹ觢

͹յ㹡Ԩþë͹յͤ͹յѺԨɵҧդ繷еͧ㨶֧سѵԾ鹰ҹ·ͧҧä͡ẺǹеͧʹͧѺöеҾԹ¡ҧǢͷ 4§ҧǹҹ

ػ

͹յʹ㹺§͡ѡѺاǹͧ͹յ üسѵԢͧ͹յöТͧҹҹСеԴԴҧä (Inovation) ҧǡçҧ෤ԤСԸաáҧǺѺ෤Ẻͤ͹յ ෤ ҹ͹յ觨ҹöСѹسҾ㹡ûѴçҹФСԴ蹤çդҹԡյਵѴ駤һԺѵԡСúاѡաöִҡçҧǹҹ»ȨҡëͻѺا

ͤԴѺǡä͵ͧӤ㨵;ĵԡ鹰ҹͧüҧͧ ѡҾǤԴҴ¡͡ẺǹʹͧѺҹִͤسѵԷҾҾ Ҷ֧ö٧ش㹡áҧաѧ٧ҹöء㹧ҹѺ ǡ㹰ҹмҧԴҧӵǨͺҹŧҹբͧǡ÷ءҹʹͧͧ ͧѧͧȪҵؤǡ÷ءеͧ֡Դӹҭ觼Ȫҵԭҧ෤